Hearing that she needs a hysterectomy can cause a woman to feel many different types of emotions. From fear of the unknown to relief for ending the troubles she may have been having to sadness over losing part of what makes her feel like a woman, the days after hearing the news can be an emotional rollercoaster. Dr. Taryll Jenkins, of Jenkins Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine understands that his patients often have many questions about the type of hysterectomy they will need and what to expect from the procedure. That's why he is sure to take the appropriate amount of time to talk with his patients before scheduling the procedure.
The first consideration is often the type of hysterectomy that the patient will need. There are several types of procedures to consider:
- Total hysterectomy: With the total hysterectomy, all of the uterus and cervix is removed. The procedure was traditionally done with an abdominal incision, through the vagina or with a laparoscopic surgery. The abdomen surgery is the most invasive and typically requires the most recovery time. With the laparoscopic surgery, only small incisions are made and those tend to heal very quickly. This type of surgery is also less disruptive of the bowel and pelvic floor areas. Sometimes a total hysterectomy will also require the removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes, it simply depends on the condition of the reproductive system and your individual case.
- Partial hysterectomy: With a partial hysterectomy, the ovaries and the cervix remain in place. This procedure can also be performed abdominally, vaginally, or through laparoscopic surgery. Leaving the cervix in place can give patients benefits of keeping their pelvic muscles in place and better sexual enjoyment. However, women who opt for this will need to continue to undergo annual screenings and Pap tests.
The decision to have a hysterectomy is never easy. However, it can offer great relief for conditions such as uterine fibroids that cause pain or bleeding, abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, and endometriosis. It can also be necessary when there is cancer of the uterus, ovaries, or cervix. If you have more questions about the need for, or types of, hysterectomy, call Dr. Jenkins today.
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